NASA is planning to send its Perseverance rover to Mars as soon as next month with four major goals. Whether you’re just learning about Mars exploration for the first time or could use a refresher, follow along below for a map and details of every successful, failed, and future Mars landing attempt ahead of the next exciting NASA launch.

Mars missions

NASA’s first successful Mars landing dates back to 1976 with the Viking 1 lander arriving on the red planet in July of that year with the Viking 2 following shortly after in September.

The Soviet Union’s Mars 2 lander launched five years earlier but crashed as it entered Mars’ atmosphere too steeply.

So far there have been eight successful Mars landings and NASA’s Perseverance rover is the next attempt with a launch window opening in July. China is also planning to send its Tianwen-1 rover to Mars around the same time.

Mars mapped

For a fascinating look at every Mars landing attempt, check out the infographic that has them mapped and detailed below (via The Planetary Society).

Every Mars Landing Attempt map infographic

And here’s a look at just the successful and future attempt sites:

Every Mars Landing Attempt map infographic successful and future attempts

As we previously covered, here are NASA’s primary goals with the Perseverance Mars rover:

  • Determine whether life ever arose on Mars
  • Characterize the climate of Mars
  • Characterize the geology of Mars
  • Prepare for human exploration

Learn all about the Perseverance rover in our full coverage here.

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Top image via NASA

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